[Early detection of mucopolysaccharidosis and oligosaccharidosis by population screening in the newborn period. Systematic review]

Maceira Rozas MC, Atienza Merino G
Record ID 32008100092
Authors' objectives:

To undertake a systematic review of the efficacy and effectiveness of neonatal MPS and oligosaccharidosis screening, using tandem mass spectrometry or other analytical techniques.

Authors' results and conclusions: Of the papers retrieved in the bibliographic search, 35 were selected (four clinical trials, 24 case series and 7 single cases). Diagnosis (10 papers) was performed by enzymatic activity assay of deficient blood enzyme (Delfia, tandem mass spectrometry, multiplex or fluorescence) or detection of urinary glycosaminoglycans (dimethyme thylene blue, Alcian blue or bidimensional electrophoresis). Treatment (25 papers) consisted of: enzyme replacement therapy with laronidase (MPS I), rhASB (MPS VI) and idursulfase (MPS II); hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (MPS I, MPS VII, aspartylglucosaminuria, fucosidosis); umbilical cord blood transplantation (MPS I); bone marrow transplantation (MPS I, MPS VI, MPS VII and α-mannosidosis); and peripheral-blood stem cell transplantation (α-mannosidosis).
Authors' recomendations: • Available evidence on the diagnosis and treatment of MPS and oligosaccharidosis is limited. Furthermore, the studies included in this review were very heterogeneous, thus rendering comparison difficult and preventing definitive and categorical conclusions from being drawn on the various aspects evaluated. No information was obtained on the possible existence of population screening programmes that include these disorders.• Laboratory diagnoses most frequently used were: determination of urinary excretion of glycosaminoglycans; and blood or plasma assay of enzymatic activity of deficient enzyme. Diagnostic techniques were very varied, with tandem mass spectrometry registering sensitivities and specificities of close on 100% in some forms of MPS.• Insofar as treatment was concerned, the different types of transplantation used (bone marrow, cord-blood and peripheral-blood stem cells) yielded results of varying effectiveness.• The recent appearance of enzyme replacement therapy (alphaiduronidase, idursulfase and N-acetylgalactosamine 4-sulfatase) is serving to change the panorama of these diseases. Promising results have been obtained in terms of safely stabilising many clinical signs and symptoms, and it is argued that treatment in the early stages –namely, before skeletal or cardiac changes have taken place- could lead to better outcomes being obtained. Yet more data are needed to establish whether treatment with enzyme replacement therapy reduces transplantation-related morbidity and mortality.• In conclusion, the lack of quality studies which thoroughly analyse the different aspects of neonatal mucopolysaccharidosis and oligosaccharidosis screening means that their inclusion in neonatal screening programmes of congenital errors of metabolism cannot be recommended. Selective performance of diagnostic tests for MPS and oligosaccharidosis would however appear wise among patients judged to be at risk, specifically, those who present with metabolic disorders or scant weight gain at birth or in the first weeks of life. To enable active and regular follow-up in such cases, it is considered advisable for a case registry to be established, which, for health-care, teaching and research purposes, would then pool all information on incidence, trends, survival and other aspects linked to neonatal screening of these diseases.• Lastly, epidemiological studies should be conducted so as to enable us to ascertain the distribution and frequency of these diseases, the validity of diagnoses based on enzymatic determination with tandem mass spectrometry, and the cost-effectiveness of the new therapies available. It would be extremely useful if advantage could be taken of the experience of existing screening teams and routine collection of specimens on paper strips to design and undertake parallel studies, which would be aimed at carrying out long-term assessment of results, and enabling a definitive conclusion to be arrived at regarding the use of these techniques and implementation of this type of screening in the context of a neonatal programme.
Authors' methods: Systematic review
Project Status: Completed
Year Published: 2008
English language abstract: An English language summary is available
Publication Type: Not Assigned
Country: Spain
MeSH Terms
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Mass Screening
  • Mucopolysaccharidoses
  • Oligosaccharides
Organisation Name: Scientific Advice Unit, avalia-t; The Galician Health Knowledge Agency (ACIS)
Contact Address: Conselleria de Sanidade, Xunta de Galicia, San Lazaro s/n 15781 Santiago de Compostela, Spain. Tel: 34 981 541831; Fax: 34 981 542854;
Contact Name: avalia-t@sergas.es
Contact Email: avalia-t@sergas.es
Copyright: Galician Agency for Health Technology Assessment (AVALIA-T)
This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA or other HTA producer. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database.