Mental health promotion in high risk groups

NHS Centre for Reviews and Dissemination
Record ID 31999008321
Authors' objectives:

This report focuses on interventions aimed at people who are likely to be at higher risk of developing mental health problems, and embraces elements both of health promotion and prevention models. It examines studies which look at interventions designed to prevent the deterioration of mental health in groups at high risk as measured by a range of outcomes such as self-esteem, anxiety and depression.

Authors' recommendations: It is possible to identify people who are vulnerable to mental health problems due to poor social environments or severe adverse life events. Several effective interventions can help promote mental health and prevent mental health problems in those at high risk. High quality pre-school education and support visits for new parents can improve mental health in children and parents in disadvantaged communities. School-based interventions and parent training programmes for children showing behavioural problems can improve conduct and mental well being. Mental health problems in children of separating parents can be reduced by providing cognitive skills training and emotional support. Social support and problem solving or cognitive-behavioural training in the unemployed can improve mental health and employment outcomes. Mental health problems often experienced by long-term carers can be prevented by respite care and some forms of psycho-social support. Counselling, by itself, has not been shown to produce sustained benefit in a variety of groups at risk. The primary health care team has an important role in identifying and co-ordinating the management of people at high risk. Structured multi-sectoral co-ordination of strategies targeting those most likely to benefit are needed.
Authors' methods: Systematic review
Project Status: Completed
Year Published: 1997
English language abstract: An English language summary is available
Publication Type: Not Assigned
Country: England
MeSH Terms
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Life Change Events
  • Mental Health
  • Risk Factors
  • Health Promotion
  • Mental Health Services
Organisation Name: University of York
Contact Address: University of York, York, Y01 5DD, United Kingdom. Tel: +44 1904 321040, Fax: +44 1904 321041,
Contact Name:
Contact Email:
Copyright: Centre for Reviews and Dissemination
This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA or other HTA producer. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database.