Preventing unintentional injuries in children and young adolescents
NHS Centre for Reviews and Dissemination
Record ID 31999008315
This report evaluates the effectiveness of methods of preventing unintentional injuries in young people.
Authors' recomendations: A Health of the Nation target is to reduce by one third the death rate from unintentional injury in children aged 14 and under by the year 2005. There is good evidence that the use of cycle helmets and child car seat restraints can reduce serious injury to children involved in road traffic accidents. Urban road safety measures such as the provision of crossing patrollers, measures to redistribute traffic and improve the safety of individual roads can reduce the rate and severity of childhood accidents. The use of safety devices in the home such as smoke detectors, child resistant containers and thermostat control for tap water can reduce the risks of home injuries. Targeting of households at higher risk combined with home visits, education and the free distribution of devices is likely to make the most impact. Educational programmes by themselves appear to have little effect. However, a number of community programmes which involve local participation and use a broad range of interventions have been effective at reducing childhood injuries from a wide variety of causes. These need to be based on accurate data derived from surveillance systems.
Authors' methods: Systematic review
Project Status: Completed
URL for project: http://www.york.ac.uk/inst/crd/ehcb.htm
Year Published: 1996
English language abstract: An English language summary is available
Publication Type: Not Assigned
- Accident Prevention
- Accidents, Home
- Accidents, Traffic
- Head Protective Devices
Organisation Name: University of York
Contact Address: University of York, York, Y01 5DD, United Kingdom. Tel: +44 1904 321040, Fax: +44 1904 321041,
Contact Name: firstname.lastname@example.org
Contact Email: email@example.com
Copyright: Centre for Reviews and Dissemination
This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA or other HTA producer. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database.