[Mupirocin nasal ointment as infection prevention prophylaxis prior to orthopaedic prosthesis surgery: a rapid health technology assessment]

Ohm IK, Movik E, Hafstad E
Record ID 32018005340
Original Title: Mupirocin nesesalve som infeksjonsprofylakse før ortopedisk protesekirurgi: en forenklet metodevurdering
Authors' objectives: Postoperative infections, in particular deep infections, are associated with increased morbidity and mortality, and increased cost for the health care system. In Norway, the incidence of deep postoperative infections after orthopaedic prothesis surgery is 1-1.5%. About 20% of these infections are caused by Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). Several studies have investigated the effect of prophylactic use of mupirocin nasal ointment, as a way of reducing the occurrence of postoperative infections with S. aureus.
Authors' results and conclusions: We performed a systematic literature search based on the literature search in a Canadian health technology assessment from Ontario Health (2022). Efficacy and resistance: We included one randomised controlled trial that investigated profylactic use of mupirocin nasal ointment, compared with placebo nasal ointment, prior to orthopedic surgery. The results showed no difference in infection rate between the groups. The study did not identify resistance to mupirocin in the follow-up period of one month. Health economics: A review, presented in tabular form, of health economic studies showed that universal decolonization with mupirocin tended to be more cost-effective than targeted and no decolonization. A threshold analysis showed that the costs associated with preoperative prevention with mupirocin are probably recouped if the cost per avoided hospital infection is NOK 90,000 or higher. However, there is considerable uncertainty associated with the estimate. The evidence is very limited, and it is therefore not possible to draw conclusions about the effect of mupirocin nasal ointment on postoperative infections or the risk of resistance.
Project Status: Completed
Year Published: 2023
English language abstract: An English language summary is available
Publication Type: Rapid Review
Country: Norway
MeSH Terms
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee
  • Mupirocin
  • Preoperative Care
  • Staphylococcal Infections
  • Prosthesis-Related Infections
  • Surgical Wound Infection
  • Reoperation
  • Drug Resistance, Microbial
  • Costs and Cost Analysis
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Antibiotic Prophylaxis
  • Nasal Cavity
  • Administration, Topical
Organisation Name: Norwegian Institute of Public Health
Contact Address: P.O. Box 222 Skoyen, N-0123, Oslo
This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA or other HTA producer. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database.