Transcatheter valve-in-valve implantation for degenerated mitral or tricuspid bioprosthetic valves: a health technology assessment

Ontario Health
Record ID 32018002393
English
Original Title: Transcatheter valve-in-valve implantation for degenerated mitral or tricuspid valve bioprostheses
Authors' objectives: This health technology assessment evaluates the effectiveness and safety of transcatheter valve-in-valve implantation for adults with degenerated mitral or tricuspid bioprosthetic valves. It also evaluates the budget impact of publicly funding transcatheter valve-in-valve implantation and the experiences, preferences, and values of people with degenerated mitral or tricuspid bioprosthetic valves.
Authors' results and conclusions: Results: We included 19 studies in the clinical evidence review. No studies compared TMViV or TTViV to medical management (standard care). TMViV was associated with in-hospital, 30-day and 1-year mortality rates of 0% to 5%, 0% to 15%, and 14% to 27%, respectively (GRADE: Very low). TTViV was associated with 30-day and 1-year mortality rates of 0% to 3% and 0% to 14%, respectively (GRADE: Very low). Patients experienced functional improvement related to their heart failure symptoms after TMViV or TTViV. Compared to before the intervention, both TMViV and TTViV were associated with a decrease in the number of patients with New York Heart Association class III or IV symptoms in hospital and at 30-day follow-up (GRADE: Low). We identified no relevant cost-effectiveness studies from our targeted search. The annual budget impact of publicly funding TMViV and TTViV in Ontario over the next 5 years ranges from an additional $0.35 million in year 1 to a cost saving of $0.19 million in year 5, for a total cost saving of $0.33 million. The people we spoke to who had bioprosthetic heart valve failure reported the negative effects of valvular heart disease and described their positive perceptions of transcatheter valve-in-valve implantation. They valued the minimally invasive nature of transcatheter procedures and the quick recovery time. Conclusions TMViV or TTViV may reduce mortality, but the evidence is very uncertain. TMViV or TTViV may improve heart failure symptoms. We estimated that publicly funding TMViV and TTViV in Ontario would result in a cost saving of $0.33 million over the next 5 years. People with valvular heart disease reported their preference for a minimally invasive transcatheter procedure with a quick recovery time.
Authors' recomendations: Ontario Health, based on guidance from the Ontario Health Technology Advisory Committee, recommends publicly funding transcatheter valve-in-valve implantation for adults with degenerated mitral or tricuspid bioprosthetic valves who are considered inoperable or high-risk for surgery.
Authors' methods: We leveraged a previously published systematic review, supplementing the work with two new registry studies identified during the development of this report. We assessed the risk of bias of each included study using the Downs and Black checklist and the quality of the body of evidence according to the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) Working Group criteria. As the earlier systematic review did not identify any cost-effectiveness studies, we conducted a hand search of the grey literature using targeted websites to identify relevant cost-effectiveness studies. We analyzed the budget impact of publicly funding transcatheter valve-in-valve implantation for adults with degenerated mitral or tricuspid bioprostheses who are considered inoperable or high-risk for surgery in Ontario. To contextualize the potential value of TMViV and TTViV, we spoke with people who had experience with heart valve replacement or who were awaiting heart valve replacement.
Details
Project Status: Completed
Year Published: 2022
Requestor: OHTAC/Ontario Ministry of Health
English language abstract: An English language summary is available
Publication Type: Full HTA
Country: Canada
Province: Ontario
Pubmed ID: 35136462
MeSH Terms
  • Heart Failure
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • Mitral Valve
  • Tricuspid Valve
  • Technology Assessment, Biomedical
  • Patient Preference
  • Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation
Keywords
  • Transcatheter Valve-in-Valve Implantation
  • Degenerated Mitral Valves
  • tricuspid bioprosthetic valves
  • budget impact analysis
  • heart failure
  • patient preferences
  • heart valve prosthesis
  • health technology assessment
Contact
Organisation Name: Ontario Health
Contact Address: 130 Bloor Street West, 10th Floor
Contact Name: Nancy Sikich
Contact Email: OH-HQO_hta-reg@ontariohealth.ca
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This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA or other HTA producer. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database.