Treatment strategies for patients with lower extremity chronic venous disease (LECVD)

Record ID 32016000622
Authors' objectives: Lower extremity chronic venous disease (LECVD) is a heterogeneous term that encompasses a variety of conditions that are typically classified based on the CEAP classification, which defines LECVD based on Clinical, Etiologic, Anatomic, and Pathophysiologic parameters. This review will focus on treatment strategies for patients with LECVD, which will be defined as patients who have had signs or symptoms of LE venous disease for at least 3 months. Patients with LECVD can be asymptomatic or symptomatic, and they can exhibit a myriad of signs including varicose veins, telangiectasias, LE edema, skin changes, and/or ulceration. The etiology of chronic venous disease includes venous dilation, venous reflux, (venous) valvular incompetence, mechanical compression (e.g., May-Thurner syndrome), and post-thrombotic syndrome. Because severity of disease and treatment are influenced by anatomic segment, LECVD is also categorized by anatomy (iliofemoral vs. infrainguinal veins) and type of veins (superficial veins, perforating veins, and deep veins). Finally, the pathophysiology of LECVD is designated typically as due to the presence of venous reflux, thrombosis, and/or obstruction
Project Status: Completed
Year Published: 2016
English language abstract: An English language summary is available
Publication Type: Not Assigned
Country: United States
MeSH Terms
  • Humans
  • Chronic Disease
  • Lower Extremity
  • Vascular Diseases
  • Veins
Organisation Name: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
Contact Address: Center for Outcomes and Evidence Technology Assessment Program, 540 Gaither Road, Rockville, MD 20850, USA. Tel: +1 301 427 1610; Fax: +1 301 427 1639;
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Copyright: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)
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