[Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration]

Haute Autorité de Santé
Record ID 32016000233
Authors' objectives: The objective is to assess endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration or EBUS-TBNA for exploring the mediastinal lymph nodes in the following indications: • for malignant diseases: - lymph node staging (or assessment of lymph node status) in lung cancer, primarily non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC): in the case of inoperable NSCLC, preoperative assessment of mediastinal spread (staging) is essential for identifying N2 and particularly N3 lymphadenopathy which contraindicates surgical treatment; - diagnosis of NSCLC; - restaging of NSCLC, particularly management of stage IIIa N2 NSCLC; - diagnosis of small-cell lung cancer (SCLC); -diagnosis of lymphoma; - exploration of mediastinal or hilar lymph nodes in the context of an extrathoracic cancer; - exploration of pulmonary masses in contact with the tracheobronchial wall; • for benign diseases: - diagnosis of granulomatosis, sarcoidosis or tuberculosis; - Exploration of any mediastinal lymph nodes The aim is to include EBUS-TBNA on the list of procedures refundable by National Health Insurance, bearing in mind that there are alternative and/or complementary procedures already listed which cover part of the procedure, namely conventional transbronchial needle aspiration, endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA), and other more invasive techniques such as mediastinal exploration via mediastinoscopy (currently considered the standard technique for mediastinal assessment), thoracoscopy or thoracotomy.
Authors' recommendations: Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration, or EBUS-TBNA, is an additional means of exploring the mediastinal lymph nodes which allows other more invasive techniques to be avoided. Mediastinoscopy, which is more invasive, is still currently the standard investigation for mediastinal assessment. From the results of this assessment, it can be concluded that EBUS-TBNA is considered as a useful technique in the following indications: • mediastinal lymph node staging in lung cancer; • initial diagnosis when a mediastinal lymph node is present and lung cancer is suspected; • exploration of mediastinal masses; • exploration of pulmonary masses in contact with the tracheobronchial wall; • diagnosis when sarcoidosis is suspected.
Project Status: Completed
Year Published: 2014
English language abstract: An English language summary is available
Publication Type: Not Assigned
Country: France
MeSH Terms
  • Humans
  • Biopsy, Fine-Needle
  • Image-Guided Biopsy
  • Needles
  • Lung Neoplasms
  • Lymphatic Diseases
Organisation Name: Haute Autorité de Santé
Contact Address: 2 avenue du Stade de France, 93218 Saint-Denis La Plaine Cedex, France. Tel: +33 01 55 93 71 88; Fax: +33 01 55 93 74 35;
Contact Name: has.seap.secretariat@has-sante.fr
Contact Email: has.seap.secretariat@has-sante.fr
This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA or other HTA producer. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database.