Sphincter pharyngoplasty for velopharyngeal insufficiency in children

Record ID 32013000286
Authors' recomendations: The velopharyngeal sphincter is located between the oropharnyx and nasopharynx. Proper sphincter closure is required for a variety of functions, including phonation, sucking, swallowing, and preventing nasal regurgitation of solids and fluids in the oral cavity. Velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) is the incomplete closure of the velopharyngeal sphincter. Children with existing or repaired cleft palate, palatal paralysis, congenitally short palate, enlarged tonsils, or enlarged adenoids are at risk for velopharyngeal insufficiency. Signs include: hypernasal speech, an inability to produce certain sounds, nasal turbulence, nasal emission of air, compensatory misarticulations, and facial grimacing. Velopharyngeal insufficiency can have a profound effect on the child's quality of life and social development. Velopharyngeal insufficiency is treated conservatively by speech therapy, and if that is ineffective, by surgery. The available options are velum lengthening, augmentation pharyngoplasty, pharyngeal flap, and sphincter pharyngoplasty.
Project Status: Completed
Year Published: 2012
English language abstract: An English language summary is available
Publication Type: Not Assigned
Country: United States
MeSH Terms
  • Humans
  • Velopharyngeal Insufficiency
  • Pharynx
Organisation Name: HAYES, Inc.
Contact Address: 157 S. Broad Street, Suite 200, Lansdale, PA 19446, USA. Tel: 215 855 0615; Fax: 215 855 5218
Contact Name: saleinfo@hayesinc.com
Contact Email: saleinfo@hayesinc.com
Copyright: 2012 Winifred S. Hayes, Inc
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