Specifications of endosseous dental implants: a review of the advantages, disadvantages, and success rates

Ho C, Spry C
Record ID 32011001259
Authors' recomendations: The following summarizes conclusions of the literature review regarding Endosseous Dental Implant Specifications:Screw-type tapered implants have more favourable survival rates and are not more prone to bone loss than parallel-sided implantsImplants with smooth surfaces are less prone to bone-losssAll-in-four concept gave satisfactory results in patients with completely edentulous mandibleZygomatic implants gave favourable results in patients with atrophic maxillae.Survival rates for short implants are comparable to those with longer implants.Platform switching limits bone resorption and preserves peri-implant bone levels.No evidence was identified regarding internal or external connections and bone level or tissue level implants.More rigorous RCTs with large population should be conducted to detect a true difference between various endosseous dental implant specifications. Other than implant designs, important factors affecting the success rates of dental implants such as the operator's learning curve, poor bone density, site preparation, patient's selection, and patient's genetic susceptibility to implant failure should be considered.
Project Status: Completed
Year Published: 2009
English language abstract: An English language summary is available
Publication Type: Not Assigned
Country: Canada
MeSH Terms
  • Dental Implantation, Endosseous
  • Treatment Outcome
Organisation Name: Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health
Contact Address: 600-865 Carling Avenue, Ottawa, ON K1S 5S8 Canada. Tel: +1 613 226 2553; Fax: +1 613 226 5392;
Contact Name: requests@cadth.ca
Contact Email: requests@cadth.ca
Copyright: Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health (CADTH)
This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA or other HTA producer. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database.